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Java使用Mybatis typeHandlers实现对数据库字段的加密/解密

数据库中的敏感信息,比如身份证号,手机号等,在进行保存时可能需要我们进行加密保存,在读取时又需要我们进行明文展示。如果使用Mybatis来对数据进行持久化,有两种方式来实现这一目的。

一、代码示例

1.1 项目结构

java-mybatis-encrypt-database-collumn-using-typehandlers-1.jpg

1.2 代码示例

配置文件

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/mybatis-tutorial?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8&autoReconnectForPools=true&useSSL=false
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=Passw0rd
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver

# typeHandler包路径
mybatis.type-handlers-package=com.ddmit.mybatis.typehandler
mybatis.mapper-locations=mappers/**.xml
mybatis.configuration.map-underscore-to-camel-case=true
mybatis.configuration.default-fetch-size=100
mybatis.configuration.default-statement-timeout=30

# 输出日志
logging.level.com.ddmit.mybatis.mappers=trace

加密类型实体类

package com.ddmit.mybatis.typehandler;

public class Encrypt {
    private String value;

    public Encrypt() {
    }

    public Encrypt(String value) {
        this.value = value;
    }

    public String getValue() {
        return value;
    }

    public void setValue(String value) {
        this.value = value;
    }
}

TypeHandler加解密处理

package com.ddmit.mybatis.typehandler;

import cn.hutool.crypto.SecureUtil;
import cn.hutool.crypto.symmetric.AES;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.BaseTypeHandler;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.JdbcType;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.MappedJdbcTypes;
import org.apache.ibatis.type.MappedTypes;

import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.sql.CallableStatement;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

/**
 * 加解密TypeHandler
 */
@MappedJdbcTypes(JdbcType.VARCHAR)
@MappedTypes(Encrypt.class)
public class EncryptTypeHandler extends BaseTypeHandler<Encrypt> {

    private static final byte[] KEYS = "12345678abcdefgh".getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

    /**
     * 设置参数
     */
    @Override
    public void setNonNullParameter(PreparedStatement ps, int i, Encrypt parameter, JdbcType jdbcType) throws SQLException {
        if (parameter == null || parameter.getValue() == null) {
            ps.setString(i, null);
            return;
        }
        AES aes = SecureUtil.aes(KEYS);
        String encrypt = aes.encryptHex(parameter.getValue());
        ps.setString(i, encrypt);
    }

    /**
     * 获取值
     */
    @Override
    public Encrypt getNullableResult(ResultSet rs, String columnName) throws SQLException {
        return decrypt(rs.getString(columnName));
    }

    /**
     * 获取值
     */
    @Override
    public Encrypt getNullableResult(ResultSet rs, int columnIndex) throws SQLException {
        return decrypt(rs.getString(columnIndex));
    }

    /**
     * 获取值
     */
    @Override
    public Encrypt getNullableResult(CallableStatement cs, int columnIndex) throws SQLException {
        return decrypt(cs.getString(columnIndex));
    }

    /**
     * 解密方法
     *
     * @param value 待解密字符串
     * @return 解密结果
     */
    public Encrypt decrypt(String value) {
        if (null == value) {
            return null;
        }
        return new Encrypt(SecureUtil.aes(KEYS).decryptStr(value));
    }
}

数据库表对应实体类

package com.ddmit.mybatis.entity;

import com.ddmit.mybatis.typehandler.Encrypt;


public class Customer {

    private Integer id;

    /*需要加密/解密的字段,声明为加密类型实体类类型*/
    private Encrypt phone;

    private String address;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public Encrypt getPhone() {
        return phone;
    }

    public void setPhone(Encrypt phone) {
        this.phone = phone;
    }

    public String getAddress() {
        return address;
    }

    public void setAddress(String address) {
        this.address = address;
    }
}

mapper.xml

这个并没有什么特殊的。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.ddmit.mybatis.mappers.CustomerMapper">

    <resultMap id="BaseResultMapper" type="com.ddmit.mybatis.entity.Customer">
        <id column="id" property="id"/>
        <result column="phone" property="phone"/>
        <result column="address" property="address"/>
    </resultMap>

    <insert id="addCustomer">
        insert into customer(phone,address) values (#{phone},#{address})
    </insert>

    <select id="findCustomer" resultMap="BaseResultMapper">
        select * from customer where phone = #{phone}
    </select>

</mapper>

RestController

对使用到的加密字段进行处理。

package com.ddmit.mybatis.controller;

import com.ddmit.mybatis.entity.Customer;
import com.ddmit.mybatis.mappers.CustomerMapper;
import com.ddmit.mybatis.typehandler.Encrypt;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
public class CustomerController {

    @Autowired
    private CustomerMapper customerMapper;

    @GetMapping("addCustomer")
    public String addCustomer(@RequestParam("phone") String phone, @RequestParam("address") String address) {
        int result = customerMapper.addCustomer(new Encrypt(phone), address);
        return "添加结果: " + result;
    }

    @GetMapping("findCustomer")
    public Customer findCustomer(@RequestParam("phone") String phone) {
        return customerMapper.findCustomer(new Encrypt(phone));
    }
}

二、完整代码

详见: Mybatis使用typeHandlers对数据库字段加密/解密

参考:

  1. 扔掉工具类,Mybatis一个简单配置搞定数据加密解密!
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